The Chicago southside neighborhood of Englewood has about 3,000 residents and covers an area of approximately 3 miles. Its borders include 55th Street, 76th Street, Halsted Street and Wentworth Avenue. Nearby neighborhoods include West Englewood, Gresham, Washington Park, and Back of the Yards. The original inhabitants of Englewood... Show all »
The Chicago southside neighborhood of Englewood has about 3,000 residents and covers an area of approximately 3 miles. Its borders include 55th Street, 76th Street, Halsted Street and Wentworth Avenue. Nearby neighborhoods include West Englewood, Gresham, Washington Park, and Back of the Yards. The original inhabitants of Englewood were the Mascoutin Indians, then in 1840, the land was officially given over to the United States.
In the 1850s and 1860s as Chicago grew in prosperity, Englewood was just another neighborhood. That all changed after the Great Fire destroyed a large portion of the city in 1871 and Englewood's railroad connections made it a convenient place in which to live. In fact, the neighborhood was an important junction and passenger depot for three railroads: the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad, the New York Central Railroad, and the Pennsylvania Railroad.
As a result of all of this rail activity, the neighborhood became known as "Junction Grove." Englewood was probably most famous for hosting the two most spectacular passenger trains: the Pennsylvania Railroad's Broadway Limited and the New York Central Railroad's 20th Century Limited. Both trains left their terminals in Chicago, stopped to pick up passengers at the Englewood station at 63rd and State Streets, then raced each other for several miles before they went their separate ways. Another famous train was the Rockets of the Rock Island train line, which also stopped at the Englewood station.
Though the Englewood train station at 63rd and State Streets closed in 1970, and Englewood is no longer a hub of rail and commercial activity, in recent years, there has been a renewed interest in redevelopment. Mayor Richard M. Daley put together a plan in the late 1990s to rebuild the area's infrastructure, create new parks and relocate Kennedy-King College. Englewood has a number of schools, including the Lindblom College Preparatory High School, a public "magnet" school located on East 37th Street.
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